Subsequently, during a conference in South Africa, this group of legal experts developed consensus statements that authoritatively interpret Article 43 of the IHR, which identifies the additional health measures countries can legally enact when responding to public health risks, and Article 44, which outlines countries' legal duty to collaborate and assist one another in building national public health systems... https://phys.org/news/2020-12-countries-violating-international-law-covid-.html •••Dec 3, 2020 - Most countries are not fulfilling their international legal obligations during COVID-19 and other public health emergencies, reveals new research by a consortium of 13 leading global health law scholars, hosted by the Global Strategy Lab (GSL) at York University. https://brill.com/view/journals/iolr/aop/article-10.1163-15723747-2020023/article-10.1163-15723747-2020023.xml In 2019, members of the Global Health Law Consortium analyzed key aspects of the International Health Regulations (IHR) to authoritatively interpret what countries are legally allowed to do to each other during future public health crises like Ebola and SARS. This work became even more relevant when the COVID-19 pandemic began spreading around the world early this year; the Global Health Law Consortium members reviewed how countries reacted to the outbreak based on the International Health Regulations that legally bind 196 countries in how they prevent, detect and respond to public health crises... #DomPolitics #News #Law #Covid19 #InternationalLaw
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https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-12/bc-nrd120320.php •••Dec 3, 2020 - "Simply put: Ocean pollution is a major global problem, it is growing, and it directly affects human health," said Professor Philip Landrigan, MD, the Director of the Observatory and of BC's Global Public Health and the Common Good Program. https://annalsofglobalhealth.org/article/10.5334/aogh.2831/ "People have heard about plastic pollution in the oceans, but that is only part of it. Research shows the oceans are being fouled by a complex stew of toxins including mercury, pesticides, industrial chemicals, petroleum wastes, agricultural runoff, and manufactured chemicals embedded in plastic. These toxic materials in the ocean get into people, mainly by eating contaminated seafood." Landrigan noted that, "We are all at risk, but the people most seriously affected are people in coastal fishing communities, people on small island nations, indigenous populations and people in the high Arctic. The very survival of these vulnerable populations depends on the health of the seas."... #DomScience #News #Health #Food #Oceanography
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https://massivesci.com/notes/women-hunting-andean-peru-archaeology/ •••Dec 3, 2020 - While many assume that early human societies had a stark division of labor — men were hunters, women were gatherers — new findings contradict this hypothesis. https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/advances/6/45/eabd0310.full.pdf Researchers identified a 9,000-year-old burial site in the Andean highlands containing many tools that would have been used to hunt big game, likely Andean deer and vicuña (an animal similar to an alpaca). By analyzing peptides in the individual’s tooth enamel, researchers determined that the remains belonged to a young woman. But was this female hunter an anomaly or was she one of many? Researchers turned to previously published studies to look for clues. They found 27 cases during a similar time period in the Americas in which individuals whose sex had been reliably determined were buried with hunting tools. Of these 27 hunters, 11 were female. Based on this, researchers estimated that women made up between 30 and 50 percent of the hunters during this time... #DomScience #News #Women #History #Archeology
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Dec 3, 2020 - The Wisconsin Supreme Court rejected President Donald Trump’s effort to challenge the election result directly in the state’s top court, saying a case that Governor Tony Evers called an “assault on democracy” must first be heard by a trial judge. A majority of the court’s judges on Thursday ruled state law requires election challenges to start in lower courts, where crucial factual and legal disputes can be hashed out first. Sticking with “time-tested judicial norms” is especially important in high-profile cases, the judges said... https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-12-03/trump-wisconsin-certification-suit-rejected-by-state-high-court #DomPolitics #News #Trump #Law #Election
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https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-12/bc-nrd120320.php •••Dec 3, 2020 - "Simply put: Ocean pollution is a major global problem, it is growing, and it directly affects human health," said Professor Philip Landrigan, MD, the Director of the Observatory and of BC's Global Public Health and the Common Good Program. https://annalsofglobalhealth.org/article/10.5334/aogh.2831/ "People have heard about plastic pollution in the oceans, but that is only part of it. Research shows the oceans are being fouled by a complex stew of toxins including mercury, pesticides, industrial chemicals, petroleum wastes, agricultural runoff, and manufactured chemicals embedded in plastic. These toxic materials in the ocean get into people, mainly by eating contaminated seafood." Landrigan noted that, "We are all at risk, but the people most seriously affected are people in coastal fishing communities, people on small island nations, indigenous populations and people in the high Arctic. The very survival of these vulnerable populations depends on the health of the seas."... #DomScience #News #Health #Food #Oceanography
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