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Fife Scotland - St Andrews Cathedral

Located in St Andrews, Fife, Scotland, you will find the historic ruins of St Andrews Cathedral. Around 732 AD, religious relics of St Andrew were brought to a place in Fife which would later become St Andrews. A religious community grew there, but they were supplanted by an order of Augustinian canons in 1144. The canons took over and extended the existing St Rule’s Church. By the 1160s St Rule’s Church was no longer big enough to accommodate the ambitions of the Augustinians, and work started on the building of a new cathedral by Bishop Arnold. 150 years later, when complete, the St Andrews cathedral became the largest church in Scotland. Dedicated in 1318 in the presence of King Robert the Bruce St Andrews became the headquarters of the Scottish church. During the Reformation in the 16th century as Scotland was breaking away from the Catholic Church in favor of Presbyterianism, the Catholic Cathedral of St Andrew was stripped of its altars, fittings and furnishings. In the 1560's the parish church of St Andrews became the principal place of worship, and the Cathedral itself effectively ceased to function; gradually falling into disrepair and ruin. Only a few of the Cathedral walls still stand today, although the 33-meter tall square tower at the rear of the Cathedral walls is part of the 12th century St Rule’s Church and it is possible to climb to the top for a breathtaking view of the town of St Andrews and the surrounding coastline. ............................................................................. #art #architecture #culture #history #education

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