Hey hey! I want to talk to again you about logical fallacies! There are oh so many and I'd like to go over them. We are now on to part 13 of my series on here. In this series, we are only covering the actual fallacies and what they are, not the application of them or anything outside of the basics.
Remember for your argument to be logical, THOU MUST NOT COMMIT LOGICAL FALLACIES! Instead of just pointlessly copying and pasting, I will describe these in my own words for you, if that isn't your thing, check out the bottom for references. Otherwise, kindly read on...
This is also known as everybody is a winner, which is something we see a lot today. This is the fallacy that everybody is above average, which would be nice from a moral standpoint, but can't be the case otherwise " above average" wouldn't mean anything if the average was above average. This comes from a point of compassion, but is illogical and it degrades the actual motivation and merit of winning.
This is the assumption that if something is unlikely, it can be argued that it's impossible. Say you won the lottery and told someone and they said well logically the chances are so small that it's so unlikely that you did win, so I don't believe you did and accuse you of lying and have the right to do so because it's essentially impossible. They use the the unlikelihood as an argument which is an incorrect use of logic.
The opposite of Hoyle's fallacy is the you can't win if you don't play fallacy. This fallacy says that someone must win and that it is likely to be you as long as you play. This is typically used to persuade vulnerable people like gambling addicts and poor people to waste money on gambling and similar activities.
The fallacy of claiming one is powerless to change something that they do have the power to change. For example a child does not want to practice playing the guitar, but their parent says well I wish I had a magic wand so I could grant your wish and let you not play, but you must. This is obviously illogical, but you see this a lot from parents. The child doesn't "need" to learn the piano and if they do not want to, it may be of no benefit to them, so claiming that they must and that you are powerless to change that is fallacious.
I'm sure many of you are aware of this if you keep up with today's politics. Playing identity politics is in fact fallacious. This is where someone's argument and the validity of their evidence and logic depend on one's social class, generation, nationality, ethnic group, religion, color, gender, sexual orientation, political views, profession, occupation or any type of subgroup. Any opposing views are denied on the ground of them not being in the "in-group" of one of the groups listed above and that they are incapable of comprehending the evidence or experiences of that group because they are not in that group. This is fallacious because you can infinitely divide into smaller groups that are all conflicting and unable to debate each other or discuss valid evidence. One form of this is called cultural appropriation in which those are not in the in-group are condemned for "appropriating" their culture whether it be clothing, music, cuisine, or something else when they are not allowed to do so given they are not a part of the group.
Check out these 2 resources I like to use and often refer to:
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If you want to make sure people aren't committing logical fallacies be sure to REMIND them!
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