1. This BLOG post will have the resources and sources links for the Season 4 Bible Studies .
2. All Books used and Readings from during Live Bible Study can be found on Our Website: https://mariespeaksgodsgrace.live/ in the Season 4 portion of the website.
3. After Live Bible Studies have completed: I will upload to Rumble https://rumble.com/register/MarieSpeaksGODsGrace/ , and post link in this BLOG.
Let us begin!
Link to e-version of Halley's Bible Handbook: https://archive.org/details/HalleysBibleHandbookHenryH.Halley/page/n387/mode/2up
(retrieved from: https://archive.org/details/richardscomplete0000rich/page/106/mode/2up, date 21 Oct, 2021/ 5782)
(retrieved from: https://archive.org/details/eerdmanshandbook0000unse/page/194/mode/2up, 21 Oct, 2021/5781
Part 2 Book of Enoch ch 6: How man became corrupted.
A pre-Canaanite tribe, dwelling (according to Josh. xi. 21, 22, and Judges i. 10, 20) in the hill country of Judah and in the Philistine plain (Hebron, Debir, Anab, Gaza, Gath, Ashdod). Three clans are mentioned: Sheshai, Ahiman, and Talmai (Judges, i. 10; Num. xiii. 22). These names seem, from their form, to be Aramaic; but what this fact signifies is not clear. The Anakim are said to have been conquered by Caleb (Josh. xv. 14; Judges, i. 20), who received their territory. In Deut. ii. 11, the Anakim are called a branch of the Rephaim, which is perhaps a generic term. The Hebrew of Num. xiii. 33classes them also with the Nefilim; but the clause is not in the Greek, and is probably a late gloss. In Judges, i. 10, the conquest is ascribed to Judah. How far the Anakim had been absorbed by Canaanites and Philistines is uncertain. On the genealogy in Josh. xiv. 12-15 and xv. 13, see Hebron and Kirjath Arba.
"The daughter of Anak had gone into her father's garden and taken a pomegranate, which she ate, after having peeled off the skin and cast it aside. Then the twelve spies came and, seeing her father, were struck with fear and hid themselves under the pomegranate-skin, believing it to be a cave. The daughter of Anak in the meantime came back and, seeing the pomegranate-skin still lying there, was afraid lest her father might scold her for lack of neatness. She therefore took the pomegranate-skin, with the twelve spies hidden therein, and cast it out of the garden, noticing the weight added by the men no more than if the skin had been the shell of an egg." The legend bears a striking resemblance to the story of the giant's daughter reprinted in Grimm's "Kinder und Hausmärchen" (compare Chamisso's "Riesenfräulein").
(Redirected from NEPHILIM.)
In Apocalyptic Writings. The conception of fallen angels—angels who, for wilful, rebellious conduct against God, or through weakness under temptation.thereby forfeiting their angelic dignity, were degraded and condemned to a life of mischief or shame on earth or in a place of punishment—is wide-spread. Indications of this belief, behind which probably lies the symbolizing of an astronomical phenomenon, the shooting stars, are met with in Isa. xiv. 12 (comp. Job xxxviii. 31, 32; see Constellations). But it is in apocalyptic writings that this notion assumes crystallized definiteness and is brought into relations with the theological problem of the origin and nature of evil and sin. That Satan fell from heaven with the velocity of lightning is a New Testament conception (Luke x. 18; Rev. xii. 7-10). Originally Satan was one of God's angels, Lucifer, who, lusting for worldly power, was degraded. Samael (Yalk., Gen. 25), originally the chief of the angels around God's throne, becomes the angel of death and the "chieftain of all the Satans" (Deut. R. xi. ; comp. Matt. xxv. 41).
But it is especially Samḥazai and Azael of whom the fall is narrated. In Targ. Pseudo-Jonathan to Gen. vi. 4 they appear as the "nefilim" (A. V. "giants"), undoubtedly in consequence of an incorrect interpretation of this word as "those that fell from heaven." The story of these two angels is found in brief form in Yalḳ., Gen. 44; it has been published by Jellinek ("B. H." iv. 127; originally in Midrash Abkir; comp. Rashi, Yoma 67b; Geiger, "Was Hat Mohammed aus dem Judenthume Aufgenommen?" p. 107).
1 And it came to pass, when the sons of men had increased, that in those days there were born to them fair and beautiful daughters.
2 And the Angels, the sons of Heaven, saw them and desired them. And they said to one another: “Come, let us choose for ourselves wives, from the children of men, and let us beget, for ourselves, children.”
(Genesis 6:1-4), (Numbers 13:33), (Baruch 3:24-28)
3 And Semyaza, who was their leader, said to them: “I fear that you may not wish this deed to be done and that I alone will pay for this great sin.”
4 And they all answered him, and said: “Let us all swear an oath, and bind one-another with curses, so not to alter this plan, but to carry out this plan effectively.”
5 Then they all swore together and all bound one another with curses to it.
6 And they were, in all, two hundred and they came down on Ardis, which is the summit of Mount Hermon. And they called the mountain Hermon because on it they swore and bound one another with curses.
7 And these are the names of their leaders: Semyaza, who was their leader, Urakiba, Ramiel, Kokabiel, Tamiel, Ramiel, Daniel, Ezeqiel, Baraqiel, Asael, Armaros, Ananel, Zaqiel, Samsiel, Satael, Turiel, Yomiel, Araziel.
8 These are the leaders of the two hundred Angels and of all the others with them.
(Genesis 6:1-4) The Wickedness and Judgment of Man
“6 Now it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born to them, 2 that the sons of God saw the daughters of men, that they were beautiful; and they took wives for themselves of all whom they chose.
3 And the Lord said, “My Spirit shall not strive with man forever, for he isindeed flesh; yet his days shall be one hundred and twenty years.” 4 There were giants on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men and they borechildren to them. Those were the mighty men who were of old, men of renown.”
(Numbers 13:33) “33 There we saw the giants (the descendants of Anak came from the giants); and we were like grasshoppers in our own sight, and so we were in their sight.””
(Baruch 3:24-28) “24 O Israel, how great is the house of God, how vast the territory that he possesses! 25 It is great and has no bounds; it is high and immeasurable. 26 The giants were born there, who were famous of old, great in stature, expert in war. 27 God did not choose them, or give them the way to knowledge; 28 so they perished because they had no wisdom, they perished through their folly.”
(retrieved from:https://bookofenochreferences.wordpress.com/2014/02/07/the-book-of-enoch-chapter-6/, date 12 Dec, 2021/5782)
A name applied (Deut. ii. 10) to the original inhabitants of Moab, though the Septuagint reads for it Ομμίν. The name is used (Gen. xiv. 5) to designate also the inhabitants of the plain of Kirjathaim. Here the Septuagint calls them Ομμᾶιοι, but in both passages the Vulgate supports the Hebrew text.
They are described (Deut. l.c.) as the former possessors of the land, and are said to be "a people great, and many, and tall, as the Anakim, which also were accounted Rephaim" (A. V. "giants").
Kirjathaim, with which they are connected in Gen. l.c., was north of the Arnon, among the towns taken by the tribe of Reuben (Num. xxxii. 37; Josh. xiii. 19; and G. A. Smith, "Historical Geography of the Holy Land," pp. 567, note 1; 568, note 1). It is now called "Ḳureyat."
The name "Emim" was probably given in consequence of the terror inspired by these better-nourished inhabitants, who, to the underfed, undersized men of the desert, seemed giants.
Fertile plain in Judah; the scene of David's battles with the Philistines (Isa. xvii. 5; II Sam. v. 18 et seq., xxiii. 13). According to II Samuel (l.c.), it must have been in the vicinity of Beth-lehem. The boundaryline between Judah and Benjamin ran across a hill at its northern end (Josh. xv. 8, xviii. 16 [R. V.]; hence it must have been situated to the west or southwest of Jerusalem and in the vicinity of Baalperazim (II Sam. v. 20). Eusebius erroneously places it north of Jerusalem ("Onomasticon," p. 288), while Josephus more correctly locates it between Jerusalem and Beth-lehem ("Ant." vii. 12, § 4). Since the sixteenth century the plain Al-Baḳ'ah, which lies southwest of Jerusalem, and the eastern part of which is crossed by the road leading from Jerusalem to Beth-lehem, has been identified, with entire probability, with the plain of Rephaim. The eastern edge of this vale, sloping toward the west, forms the watershed between the Jordan and the Mediterranean. It is drained through the Rose Valley (Wadi al-Ward). It extends southward from the valley of Hinnom to the mountain of the monastery Mar Elyas, a distance of about one hour, and is approximately half as wide. The German colony Rephaim is now settled there.
Name of an ancient people mentioned in Gen. xiv. 5 as residing in Ham, the territory east of the Jordan, and as having been smitten by Chedorlaomer. The narrator must have supposed that the Zuzim were well known, for he prefixes the definite article to their name, though its use may also imply that even to him the nation was somewhat nebulous. This prefix induced the Septuagint and thePeshiṭta (or the scribe of the copy underlying their version) to read the name as an appellative. They therefore translate it as "the strong" (= "ha'izzuzim") or "the mighty" (= "ha-'ezuzim"), and thus identify the people with the Rephaim, the giants who occupied the district and who are said to have been called "Zamzummim" by the Ammonites (Deut. ii. 20). The rendering of Symmachus results from a combination of the two names Zuzim and Zamzummim (Σοαζομμειν), and thus anticipates those modern scholars who maintain that the names are identical, the variance being due to scribal errors. Sayce ("Higher Criticism and the Verdict of the Monuments," pp. 160 et seq.; "Expository Times," viii. 463), proceeding on the theory that Gen. xiv. is a translation of a Babylonian document, advances the hypothesis that the double spelling of the name arose from the identity of the characters "m" and "w" in Babylonian. It has also been proposed to connect the name with Ziza, a military post of the Roman period (Dillmann, "Genesis," ad loc.).
A Philistine giant of Gath (I Sam. xvii. 4). The name "Goliath" is probably connected with the Assyro-Babylonian "Guzali" = "running, ravaging spirits," "destroyers" (Jastrow, "Religion of Assyria and Babylon," p. 500; Muss-Arnolt, "Concise Dictionary," s.v. "The Throne-Carriers"; Delitzsch, "Assyrisches Handwörterb." s.v.).
Interesting Jewish —In Rabbinical Literature:
Goliath was of ignoble birth. His mother is said to have been Orpah (: II Sam. xxi. 16; Yalḳ. ii. 125), who, after making a pretense of accompanying Ruth, her mother-in-law, and walking with her forty paces, had left her and had led a very profligate life, so that Goliath, her son, was of uncertain paternity (Midr. Ruth i. 14, where the ketib (I Sam. xvii. 23) is read ; comp. Yalḳ. ii. 126, 601). She bore besides Goliath three other giants (Tan., Wayiggash, 8).
(All the listings of definitions for these categories of giants were retrieved from: https://jewishencyclopedia.com/, date 12 Dec, 2021/5782)
Link to e-version of Geneva Bible 1560/1599:
13:1 thru 13:17
Then afterwarde the people remooued from Hazeroth, and pitched in the wildernesse of Paran.
And the Lord spake vnto Moses, saying,
Sende thou men out to search the lande of Canaan which I giue vnto the children of Israel: of euery tribe of their fathers shall ye sende a man, such as are all rulers among them.
Then Moses sent them out of the wildernesse of Paran at the commandement of the Lord: all those men were heades of the children of Israel.
Also their names are these: of the tribe of Reuben, Shammua the sonne of Zaccur:
Of the tribe of Simeon, Shaphat the sonne of Hori:
Of the tribe of Iudah, Caleb the sonne of Iephunneh:
Of the tribe of Issachar, Igal the sonne of Ioseph:
Of the tribe of Ephraim, Oshea the sone of Nun:
Of the tribe of Beniamin, Palti the sonne of Raphu:
Of the tribe of Zebulun, Gaddiel the sone of Sodi:
Of the tribe of Ioseph, to wit, of the tribe of Manasseh, Gaddi the sonne of Susi:
Of the tribe of Dan, Ammiel the sonne of Gemalli:
Of the tribe of Asher, Sethur the sonne of Michael:
Of the tribe of Naphtali, Nahbi the sonne of Vophsi:
Of the tribe of Gad, Geuel the sonne of Machi.
These are the names of the men, which Moses sent to spie out the lande: and Moses called ye name of Oshea the sonne of Nun, Iehoshua.
Does anyone else notice differences?
Let's compare a side by side list of the leaders and Princes of the Ancestor Tribes, from when first appointed in Numbers ch 1.
There is a change in order of listing. Why is this important? While as we reviewed briefly the text from the Community Scroll of the Dead Sea Scrolls; listing of Tribes was according to Spiritual Elevation. The Spiritual Elevation was based off of several required test and review periods. at anytime when a Leader of a Tribe fell or fell short Spiritual, Ritually, or by GOD's Law; the entire Tribe of that Priest or Prince of Leaders fell with them. This is another reason why GOD has such High Standards for HIS Appointments and why Appointment are to be taken lightly.
Jethro Advises Moses
13The next day Moses took his seat to judge the people, and they stood around him from morning until evening. 14When his father-in-law saw all that Moses was doing for the people, he asked, “What is this that you are doing for the people? Why do you sit alone as judge, with all the people standing around you from morning till evening?”
15“Because the people come to me to inquire of God,” Moses replied. 16“Whenever they have a dispute, it is brought to me to judge between one man and another, and I make known to them the statutes and laws of God.”
17But Moses’ father-in-law said to him, “What you are doing is not good. 18Surely you and these people with you will wear yourselves out, because the task is too heavy for you. You cannot handle it alone.
19Now listen to me; I will give you some advice, and may God be with you. You must be the people’s representative before God and bring their causes to Him. 20Teach them the statutes and laws, and show them the way to live and the work they must do.
21Furthermore, select capable men from among the people—God-fearing, trustworthy men who are averse to dishonest gain. Appoint them over the people as leaders of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties, and of tens.
22Have these men judge the people at all times. Then they can bring you any major issue, but all minor cases they can judge on their own, so that your load may be lightened as they share it with you.
23If you follow this advice and God so directs you, then you will be able to endure, and all these people can go home in peace.”
24Moses listened to his father-in-law and did everything he said. 25So Moses chose capable men from all Israel and made them heads over the people as leaders of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties, and of tens. 26And they judged the people at all times; they would bring the difficult cases to Moses, but any minor issue they would judge themselves.
Taming the Tongue
1Not many of you should become teachers, my brothers, because you know that we who teach will be judged more strictly. 2We all stumble in many ways. If anyone is never at fault in what he says, he is a perfect man, able to control his whole body.
3When we put bits into the mouths of horses to make them obey us, we can guide the whole animal. 4Consider ships as well. Although they are so large and are driven by strong winds, they are steered by a very small rudder wherever the pilot is inclined.
5In the same way, the tongue is a small part of the body, but it boasts of great things. Consider how small a spark sets a great forest ablaze. 6The tongue also is a fire, a world of wickedness among the parts of the body. It pollutes the whole person, sets the course of his life on fire, and is itself set on fire by hell.
9With the tongue we bless our Lord and Father, and with it we curse men, who have been made in God’s likeness. 10Out of the same mouth come blessing and cursing. My brothers, this should not be! 11Can both fresh water and salt water flow from the same spring? 12My brothers, can a fig tree grow olives, or a grapevine bear figs? Neither can a salt springc produce fresh water.
The Wisdom from Above
13Who is wise and understanding among you? Let him show it by his good conduct, by deeds done in the humility that comes from wisdom. 14But if you harbor bitter jealousy and selfish ambition in your hearts, do not boast in it or deny the truth. 15Such wisdom does not come from above, but is earthly, unspiritual, demonic. 16For where jealousy and selfish ambition exist, there will be disorder and every evil practice.
17But the wisdom from above is first of all pure, then peace-loving, gentle, accommodating, full of mercy and good fruit, impartial, and sincere. 18Peacemakers who sow in peace reap the fruit of righteousness.
Judges and Justice
18You are to appoint judges and officials for your tribes in every town that the LORD your God is giving you. They are to judge the people with righteous judgment.
19Do not deny justice or show partiality. Do not accept a bribe, for a bribe blinds the eyes of the wise and twists the words of the righteous.
20Pursue justice, and justice alone, so that you may live, and you may possess the land that the LORD your God is giving you.
13:18 thru 13:21
So Moses sent them to spie out the lande of Canaan, and said vnto them, Go vp this way toward the South, and go vp into the moutaines,
And consider the land what it is, and the people that dwel therein, whether they be strong or weake, either fewe or many,
Also what the lande is that they dwell in, whether it be good or bad: and what cities they be, that they dwell in, whether they dwell in tents, or in walled townes:
And what the land is: whether it be fat or leane, whether there be trees therein, or not. And be of good courage, and bring of the fruite of the lande (for then was the time of the first ripe grapes)
(retrieved from: https://i.pinimg.com/originals/d0/7c/2e/d07c2eb6ef3553ca568d004af322738f.jpg, date 13 Dec, 2021/5782)
13:22 thru 13:28
So they went vp, and searched out the lande, from the wildernesse of Zin vnto Rehob, to go to Hamath,
And they ascended toward the South, and came vnto Hebron, where were Ahiman, Sheshai and Talmai, the sonnes of Anak. And Hebron was built seuen yeere before Zoan in Egypt.
Then they came to the riuer of Eshcol, and cut downe thence a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bare it vpon a barre betweene two, and brought of the pomegranates and of the figges.
That place was called the riuer Eshcol, because of the cluster of grapes, which the children of Israel cut downe thence.
Then after fourtie dayes, they turned againe from searching of the land.
And they went and came to Moses and to Aaron and vnto al the Congregation of the children of Israel, in the wildernesse of Paran, to Kadesh, and brought to the, and to all the Congregation tydings, and shewed them the fruite of the lande.
And they tolde him, and saide, We came vnto the land whither thou hast sent vs, and surely it floweth with milke and honie: and here is of the fruite of it.
13:29 thru 13:30
Neuerthelesse the people be strong that dwell in the land, and the cities are walled and exceeding great: and moreouer, we sawe the sonnes of Anak there.
The Amalekites dwell in the South countrey, and the Hittites, and the Iebusites, and the Amorites dwell in the mountaines, and the Canaanites dwell by the sea, and by the coast of Iorden.
13:31 thru 13:33
Then Caleb stilled the people before Moses, and saide, Let vs go vp at once, and possesse it: for vndoubtedly we shall ouercome it.
But the men, that went vp with him, saide, we be not able to goe vp against the people: for they are stronger then we.
So they brought vp an euill report of the land which they had searched for the children of Israel, saying, The lande which we haue gone through to search it out, is a land that eateth vp the inhabitants thereof: for all the people that we sawe in it, are men of great stature. (Numbers : ) For there we sawe gyants, the sonnes of Anak, which come of the gyants, so that we seemed in our sight like grashoppers: and so wee were in their sight.
Link to e-versoin of Torah:
|The Lord spoke to Moses saying,|
|2"Send out for yourself men who will scout the Land of Canaan, which I am giving to the children of Israel. You shall send one man each for his father's tribe; each one shall be a chieftain in their midst."|
|3So Moses sent them from the desert of Paran by the word of the Lord. All of them were men of distinction; they were the heads of the children of Israel.|
|4These are their names: For the tribe of Reuben, Shammua the son of Zakkur.|
|5For the tribe of Simeon, Shaphat the son of Hori.|
|6For the tribe of Judah, Caleb the son of Jepphunneh.|
|7For the tribe of Issachar, Yigal the son of Joseph.|
|8For the tribe of Ephraim, Hoshea the son of Nun.|
|9For the tribe of Benjamin, Palti the son of Raphu.|
|10For the tribe of Zebulun, Gaddiel the son of Sodi.|
|11For the tribe of Joseph, for the tribe of Manasseh, Gaddi the son of Susi.|
|12For the tribe of Dan, Ammiel the son of Gemalli.|
|13For the tribe of Asher, Sethur the son of Michael.|
|14For the tribe of Naphtali, Nahbi the son of Vophsi.|
|15For the tribe of Gad, Geuel the son of Machi.|
|16These are the names of the men Moses sent to scout the Land, and Moses called Hoshea the son of Nun, Joshua.|
|17Moses sent them to scout the Land of Canaan, and he said to them, "Go up this way in the south and climb up the mountain.|
|18You shall see what [kind of] land it is, and the people who inhabit it; are they strong or weak? Are there few or many?|
|19And what of the land they inhabit? Is it good or bad? And what of the cities in which they reside are they in camps or in fortresses?|
|20What is the soil like is it fat or lean? Are there any trees in it or not? You shall be courageous and take from the fruit of the land." It was the season when the first grapes begin to ripen.|
|21So they went up and explored the land, from the desert of Zin until Rehov, at the entrance to Hamath.|
|22They went up in, the south, and he came to Hebron, and there were Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the descendants of the giant. Now Hebron had been built seven years before Zoan of Egypt.|
|23They came to the Valley of Eshkol and they cut a branch with a cluster of grapes. They carried it on a pole between two [people] and [they also took] some pomegranates and figs.|
|24They called that place the Valley of Eshkol because of the cluster [eshkol] the children of Israel cut from there.|
|25They returned from scouting the Land at the end of forty days.|
|26They went, and they came to Moses and Aaron and all the congregation of the children of Israel in the desert of Paran, to Kadesh. They brought them back a report, as well as to the entire congregation, and they showed them the fruit of the land.|
|27They told him and said, "We came to the land to which you sent us, and it is flowing with milk and honey, and this is its fruit.|
|28However, the people who inhabit the land are mighty, and the cities are extremely huge and fortified, and there we saw even the offspring of the giant.|
|29The Amalekites dwell in the south land, while the Hittites, the Jebusites, and the Amorites dwell in the mountainous region. The Canaanites dwell on the coast and alongside the Jordan."|
|30Caleb silenced the people to [hear about] Moses, and he said, "We can surely go up and take possession of it, for we can indeed overcome it."|
|31But the men who went up with him said, "We are unable to go up against the people, for they are stronger than we.|
|32They spread an [evil] report about the land which they had scouted, telling the children of Israel, "The land we passed through to explore is a land that consumes its inhabitants, and all the people we saw in it are men of stature.|
|33There we saw the giants, the sons of Anak, descended from the giants. In our eyes, we seemed like grasshoppers, and so we were in their eyes.|
AMEN AND AMEN.
(Cover Art created by Marie Speaks GOD's Grace Bible Study: Photos https://www.clickasnap.com/SpeakGODsGrace or facebook page www.facebook./mariespeaks009)