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Nutrigenomics: How Diet Affects Genes

omgthesupplementguideNov 28, 2018, 2:47:47 PM

Nutrigenomics is concerned about how your diet has a significant effect on your genes. As the name implies, nutrigenomics integrates genomics and the science of nutrition. Genomics is defined as the study of the way the genes of organisms functions and are structured. This write-up will give you an overview of diet, genes and the way they are connected.

To comprehend what nutrigenomics is and the way it functions, you must first know what the human genome and genes are and their relation to diseases. All the generic materials are stored as DNA; organic molecules sequences called nucleotides. As these nucleotides line up to chains, they form genes. The genes that we usually inherit from our parents contain the instructions on how cells should make proteins.

Genes will also play a vital role in the possibility of one getting a disease or another not getting sick with different genes. Amazingly, all people have genes that are 99.9% identical. Also, the genes also determine the risk of developing non-transmissibly chronic diseases. These medical disorders include heart disease, diabetes, among others. If you have specific genes predisposing you to a particular disease does not mean that you will get the disease. Whether one will develop a chronic illness or not is dependent on the way the genome interacts with other factors like environmental factors (exposure to toxins), nutrition and lifestyle (exercise, smoking, and other lifestyle choices.)

Since the ancient days, people use both medicinal plants and food in the treatment of symptoms of most diseases. Your diet gravely affects our health. The cause of many chronic disorders affecting most people today is the lack of exercise and poor nutrition. What is developing recently is the large link between health and diet. Most studies have demonstrated the fact that food normally regulates gene expression; the genes that get turned on and off. The studies in animals, humans and cell cultures show that diet gravely affects the gene expression. Therefore, this means that an individual can inherit specific genes from the biological parents, but based on what they eat, the genes can either be active or dormant.

The human diet includes natural chemical substances found in animals and plants, micronutrients (vitamins), and macronutrients like proteins and fats. All these constituents of food affect the way genes act. The body uses most nutrients typically in immunity (how bodies resist diseases), the metabolic reactions that control hormones, and the way the body utilizes nutrients for growth and fuel. For more details about Nutrigenomics click here!

Meanwhile, there are lots of things that you can do to reduce the risk of getting chronic diseases. Ensure that you consume all the essential nutrients needed by the body and eat a diet that is balanced. Also, make sure that you do physical activities regularly to maintain proper health. Get more info about Ancestry Login here!

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