CIRCUMCISION LINKS and DEATHS ✂️👶 👶💀 ['pinned' long-collection-of-links/studies post 📌] (CLICK "SEE MORE" TO VIEW FULL LIST) Please feel very free to copy/paste and spread any of this as far and wide and as much as possible. 🎥 http://www.circumcisionmovie.com/ Informative & entertaining overview of the subject. Great for interested parents, or others who want to learn more. https://www.circumcisionisafraud.com/ (2021) A lawsuit has been filed against the AAP for fraud relating to their AAP policy - see 'active litigation' STUDIES/EFFECTS/HARMS/ETHICS: ✂👶😭 🔬 https://www.lawschool.cornell.edu/research/JLPP/upload/Adler-et-al-final.pdf “IS CIRCUMCISION A FRAUD?” (Adler, Van Howe, Wisdom, Daase. 2020. Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9606247 "Of the physicians performing circumcisions, 45% use anesthesia" 🔬 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5028213/ [circumcision effect on penis length] This study found circumcised men to have (on average) shorter penises … foreskin contains many hormone receptors, and it's thought these may play a role in penis growth. (Park et al. 2016) 🔬 http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/06/070627144210.htm "[Conclusion] ... circumcision ablates [=amputates] the most sensitive parts of the penis." https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17378847 "Fine-touch pressure thresholds in the adult penis" "CONCLUSIONS: The glans of the circumcised penis is less sensitive to fine touch than the glans of the uncircumcised penis. The transitional region from the external to the internal prepuce is the most sensitive region of the uncircumcised penis and more sensitive than the most sensitive region of the circumcised penis. Circumcision ablates the most sensitive parts of the penis." 🔬 https://www.researchgate.net/publication/270190401_Alexithymia_and_Circumcision_Trauma_A_Preliminary_Investigation "... circumcised men had age-adjusted alexithymia scores 19.9 percent higher than the intact men ... and were 4.53 times more likely to use an erectile dysfunction drug" 🔬 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9057731 "Preliminary studies suggested that pain experienced by infants in the neonatal period may have long-lasting effects on future infant behaviour" 🔬 http://www.cirp.org/library/anatomy/ohara/ O'Hara and O'Hara 1999 '6 out of 7 women preferred intact non-circumcised partners' "With their circumcised partners, women were more likely not to have a vaginal orgasm" "women were more likely to have a vaginal orgasm with an unaltered partner. Their circumcised partners were more likely to have premature ejaculation " "Women were also more likely to state that they had had vaginal discomfort with a circumcised partner" "During prolonged intercourse with their circumcised partners, women were less likely to 'really get into it' and more likely to 'want to get it over with'" http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21492404 [circumcision associated with Premature Ejaculation] "Prevalence and correlates of premature ejaculation ... We found that ... circumcision ... were associated with PE." 🔬 https://journals.sagepub.com/eprint/ZZTHYQ2RQTTU3TTRUPK3/full “The need for a unified ethical stance on child genital cutting” (Earp, Shahvisi, Reis-Dennis. 2021) “removing sexually sensitive, non-diseased tissue” … “… cutting any person’s genitals without their own informed consent is a gross violation of their right to bodily integrity” 🔬 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2405844020324099 “Neonatal male circumcision is associated with altered adult socio-affective processing” (Miani et al. 2020) “Early-circumcised men reported lower attachment security and lower emotional stability … circumcision was also associated with stronger sexual drive and less restricted socio-sexuality along with higher perceived stress and sensation seeking” 🔬 https://bmcurol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12894-021-00790-y Circumcision results in increased urethrocutaneous fistulas (Lucas et al. 2021) https://www.berghahnjournals.com/view/journals/boyhood-studies/4/1/bhs040106.xml Study: "This study finds that approximately 117 neonatal circumcision-related deaths (9.01/100,000) occur annually in the United States" http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/9393302/?i=2&from=/10893633 "Among the 238 boys under 3 years, those circumcised were significantly more likely to have non-cosmetic problems, including coronal adhesions, trapped epithelial debris, a reddened meatus, preputial stenosis (phimosis) and balanitis, than were boys with a foreskin" ... "Conclusions: ... circumcision for purely cosmetic reasons should be discouraged on both medical and ethical grounds" https://www.healio.com/infectious-disease/stds/news/online/{ee2769c4-b9b0-4daa-8eef-943c7205ed6c}/circumcised-men-at-twice-the-risk-for-cancer-causing-hpv-study-shows "Circumcised men at twice the risk for cancer-causing HPV, study shows" http://journalofethics.ama-assn.org/2017/08/msoc2-1708.html "Nontherapeutic Circumcision of Minors as an Ethically Problematic Form of Iatrogenic Injury" http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2013/03/12/peds.2012-2896 "Cultural Bias in the AAP’s 2012 Technical Report and Policy Statement on Male Circumcision" https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4364150/ "Do the Benefits of Male Circumcision Outweigh the Risks? A Critique of the Proposed CDC Guidelines" https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21672947 "Male circumcision and sexual function in men and women: a survey-based, cross-sectional study in Denmark" "... women with circumcised spouses more often reported incomplete sexual needs fulfilment ... frequent sexual function difficulties, notably orgasm difficulties and dyspareunia" https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/22897699/ "... Compared with uncircumcised (UC) men, CM [circumcised men] have accumulated larger numbers of STI in their lifetime ..., have higher rates of previous diagnosis of warts ..., and were more likely to have HIV infection" [Rodriguez-Diaz CE, et al. J Sex Med. 2012] 🔬 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27840622 [tentative research directions] "A "Wear and Tear" Hypothesis to Explain Sudden Infant Death Syndrome." [2016] " We also predict that neonatal male circumcision will account for the SIDS gender bias and that groups that practice high male circumcision rates, such as USA whites, will have higher SIDS rates compared to groups with lower circumcision rates. SIDS rates will also be higher in USA states where Medicaid covers circumcision and lower among people that do not practice neonatal circumcision and/or cannot afford to pay for circumcision. We last predict that winter-born premature infants who are circumcised will be at higher risk of SIDS compared to infants who experienced fewer nociceptive exposure" 🔬 https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/339465v1 "Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is the most common cause of postneonatal infant death. The allostatic load hypothesis posits that SIDS is the result of perinatal cumulative painful, stressful, or traumatic exposures that tax neonatal regulatory systems. To test it, we explored the relationships between SIDS and two common stressors, male neonatal circumcision" https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/moral-landscapes/201501/circumcision-s-psychological-damage "Circumcision’s Psychological Damage - CDC wants all males to be cut--but it's harmful psychologically" http://jrs.sagepub.com/content/early/2015/01/07/0141076814565942.full "... circumcised boys were more likely than intact boys to develop ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder) before age 10 years ... Risk was particularly high for infantile autism before age five years ... Circumcised boys ... were also more likely to develop hyperkinetic disorder" (Word of caution re correlation and causation, plausible link may be acetaminophen) http://blog.practicalethics.ox.ac.uk/2017/08/does-female-genital-mutilation-have-health-benefits-the-problem-with-medicalizing-morality/ "“The tendency today is to roll over and ‘scientify’ everything,” ... “Evidence will tell us what to do, people believe.” But people are getting it wrong. When you reduce your ethical analysis to benefit-risk ratios, you miss important questions of value. Take the ritual nick, or male circumcision for that matter, and ask yourself what might be morally problematic about these customs ... First, the perceived need to cut children’s genitals—whatever their sex or gender, and however severe the cutting—as a precondition for accepting them into a community should plausibly be questioned, rather than taken for granted. Part of the reason for this is that, regardless of health consequences, many individuals whose genitals were cut when they were children grow up to feel disturbed by what they take to be an intimate violation carried out when they were too young to understand or refuse" http://www.cirp.org/library/disease/HIV/vanhowe4/ "When the raw data are combined, a man with a circumcised penis is at greater risk of acquiring and transmitting HIV" ... "Based on the studies published to date, recommending routine circumcision as a prophylactic measure to prevent HIV infection in Africa, or elsewhere, is scientifically unfounded" http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1753-6405.2011.00761.x/full "Not a surgical vaccine: there is no case for boosting infant male circumcision to combat heterosexual transmission of HIV in Australia" https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5345479/ "How the circumcision solution in Africa will increase HIV infections" https://www.hindawi.com/journals/isrn/2013/109846/ "the prevention of sexually transmitted infections cannot rationally be interpreted as a benefit of circumcision, and any policy of circumcision for the general population to prevent sexually transmitted infections is not supported by the evidence" https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0201445 "Are circumcised men safer sex partners? Findings from the HAALSI cohort in rural South Africa" https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4075101/ "This paper will present a natural rights argument against the practice of male child circumcision, while also looking into some of the potential physical and psychological consequences of the practice" https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1464-410X.2006.06646.x (Kim and Pang 2007) "The effect of male circumcision on sexuality" ... "There was a decrease in masturbatory pleasure and sexual enjoyment after [adult] circumcision" http://www.cirp.org/library/anatomy/taylor/ "The prepuce: Specialized mucosa of the penis and its loss to circumcision" https://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/88/12/09-072975/en/ (Wilcken, Keil and Dick 2010) "Traditional male circumcision in eastern and southern Africa: a systematic review of prevalence and complications" ... "Four of the 45 admitted patients had lost the glans of the penis and two patients lost the entire penis" https://www.academia.edu/6395137/Adding_Insult_to_Injury_Acquisition_of_Erectile_Dysfunction_from_Circumcision "Adding Insult to Injury: Acquisition of Erectile Dysfunction from Circumcision" https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23374102 "Male circumcision decreases penile sensitivity as measured in a large cohort" [New Sep 2020] https://twitter.com/briandavidearp/status/1307049755114180609 Valuable note in Sep 2020 Tuskegee paper regarding the Bossio study: 'Responding to critics ... the authors clarified that their study had in fact "replicated the results [regarding loss of sensation] reported by Sorrells et al"' [Textbook] “An American textbook now states clearly: ‘Circumcision thus removes the most sensitive part of the penis.’”: Anatomy & Physiology: The Unity of Form and Function, K. Saladin ETHICS https://letter.wiki/conversation/127 "Is Circumcision Wrong?" – A Letter Exchange ✍️ A respectful, thoughtful letter exchange between Brian D. Earp (one of the leading academics in the field of genital autonomy) and Rabbi Josh Yuter https://aeon.co/essays/are-male-and-female-circumcision-morally-equivalent "Are male and female circumcision morally equivalent?" "Boys and girls alike: An un-consenting child, an unnecessary, invasive surgery: is there any moral difference between male and female circumcision?" – Brian D. Earp https://areomagazine.com/2019/09/24/a-wrong-against-boys-an-impossible-conversation-about-circumcision/ "A Wrong Against Boys: An Impossible Conversation about Circumcision" ‘Inspired by a conversation between a rabbi & a medical ethicist … I will take a strong stance against routine neonatal circumcision …’ - Good article by Dr Iona Italia https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4075101/ “Libertarianism and circumcision” (Testa, Block. 2014) A libertarian-persective critique of circumcision https://www.aafp.org/afp/2021/0115/p69.html “Physicians should be aware of the rapidly changing ethical and legal landscapes for circumcision. Read more in this Letter to the Editor” (2020. American Family Physician Journal) “The risk of loss of the penile prepuce from circumcision is 100%. If this genital structure has any value, then its removal is a harm, whatever the (further) risk of surgical complications. The patient's inability to decide if his genitals should be permanently surgically altered is also a consideration. Circumcision removes anatomically normal, nondiseased, functional tissue—from a psychosexually significant part of the body—with no urgent medical need and without the consent of the patient” https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15265161.2019.1643945 "Medically Unnecessary Genital Cutting and the Rights of the Child" "… social change efforts … should aim to protect all nonconsenting persons, regardless of sex or gender, from medically unnecessary genital cutting" [2019] https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0191453719854212 https://www.academia.edu/39633284/The_Childs_Right_to_Genital_Integrity The child’s right to genital integrity" - Kate Goldie Townsend "I make a case for the child’s inviolable right to genital integrity" SALE OF FORESKIN & OTHER PROFIT INTERESTS: Circumcision amounts to unethical harvesting and in some cases profitable selling of body parts through pushing unnecessary surgery on parents: http://thinkaboutnow.com/2016/03/3-wayscorporationsprofitoffbaby-foreskin14/ “3 Ways Corporations Profit Off Harvesting Baby Foreskin” (2016) https://anthonylosquadro.medium.com/circumcision-in-america-are-baby-boys-foreskins-for-sale-e0b79fadc8cb A three-year investigation into the selling of infant foreskins (2020) https://youtu.be/BY2aOHQlAco “Sandra Bullock Got A ‘Penis Facial’” (2018) https://twitter.com/briandavidearp/status/1150174526707101696 “I just want to follow up on this shocking conflict of interest case at WHO, where the inventor of a newborn circumcision device, after applying for a patent, is invited to co-write the WHO "manual" for performing newborn circumcision, touting his own device for mass use” (Brian David Earp, 2019) https://intactamerica.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/Sept-Oct-2020-Newsletter.pdf Survey examining the extent to which doctors & hospitals solicit and push unnecessary circumcision on parents who didn't even ask for it. Soliciting unnecessary is highly unethical, and illegal for other types of surgery. (2020) ARTICLES https://evidencebasedbirth.com/evidence-and-ethics-on-circumcision/ "Evidence and Ethics on: Circumcision" by Dr Rebecca Dekker (PhD, RN) and Anna Bertone (MPH) https://theattic.jezebel.com/john-harvey-kelloggs-legacy-of-cereal-sociopathy-and-1777402050 "John Harvey Kellogg's Legacy of Cereal, Sociopathy, and Sexual Mutilation" https://sciencenordic.com/denmark-gender-hiv/male-circumcision-leads-to-a-bad-sex-life/1371590 “Male circumcision leads to a bad sex life” https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium.MAGAZINE-they-felt-pressured-to-get-circumcised-after-moving-to-israel-they-now-regret-it-1.8227063 “They Felt Pressured to Get Circumcised After Moving to Israel. They Now Regret It” OTHER LINKS http://www.yourwholebaby.org/ Great site with many resources, also great for parents, with helpful information on basic care of intact penis 🎥 http://www.circumcisionmovie.com/ American Circumcision: 2017 Documentary http://www.intactamerica.org/ http://nocirc.org/ "National Organization of Circumcision Information Resource Centers, founded by healthcare professionals to provide information to expectant parents" https://www.doctorsopposingcircumcision.org/ Doctors Opposing Circumcision http://www.bloodstainedmen.com/ http://www.circinfo.org/ ("Circumcision Information Australia") http://www.circinfo.org/AAP_in_retreat.html "95 per cent of uncircumcised boys will never experience a foreskin problem" https://www.facebook.com/POCAFGC/ People of Color Against Forced Genital Cutting ✡ https://www.brimila.com/ Israel advocacy site against forcing circumcision on babies ✡ https://www.brimila.com/post/circumsicion-is-neutering “ברית מילה = סירוס מיני” ('Circumcision is sexual neutering') ✡ https://www.facebook.com/JewsAgainstCircumcision/ Jews and Others Against Circumcision ✡ http://britshalom.info/ "Brit Shalom is a naming ceremony for Jewish families opting out of circumcision" (Mark D. Reiss, M.D.) ✡ http://www.beyondthebris.com/ "Welcome! Are you surprised to discover a community of Jewish people who are united in the belief that circumcising healthy children is harmful and unnecessary? Don't be—times are changing. We are the voices and faces of the pro-intact Jewish movement. From college students to grandparents, we're moving in what we feel is a more thoughtful, more ethical and more Jewish direction: Beyond the Bris." ✡ https://he.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D7%91%D7%A8%D7%99%D7%AA_%D7%A9%D7%9C%D7%95%D7%9D_(%D7%98%D7%A7%D7%A1) ברית שלום : ‮ברית שלום, הידועה גם כ"ברית בלי מילה", "ברית חיים", "ברית תיקון", "ברית בן" ו"ברית חלופית", היא טקס מתן שם לתינוקות יהודים (ממין זכר) שאינו כולל מילה. מטרתו להחליף את ברית המילה המסורתית‬ https://www.facebook.com/muslimsagainstcirc/ “Muslims Against the Circumcision of Children” http://www.arclaw.org/ "Attorneys for the Rights of the Child" - building a case that circumcision may already be illegal in the US (🎥 https://youtube.com/watch?v=Rrk5BbjiCmI) https://www.littleimages.org/ "Little Images is a Christian organization committed to treating children with dignity and love, as beings designed and created by God in his own image." http://www.cirp.org/ Circumcision Information and Resource Pages http://www.cirp.org/library/statements/ "Circumcision: Medical Organization Official Policy Statements" - "contains official policy statements of various medical organizations [around the world] regarding non-therapeutic male circumcision" (spoiler alert, they all basically universally recommend *against* routine non-medically-required circumcision of infants) http://www.mgmbill.org/ "A Bill to End Male Genital Mutilation in the U.S." https://peacefulbeginningsrosemary.wordpress.com "a collection of several of the more popular and useful articles and information sheets" by Rosemary Romberg http://www.thewholenetwork.org/ https://orgonomist.blogspot.com/2014/09/exploring-emotions-behind-genital.html "Exploring the Emotions Behind Genital Cutting" "Reich discovered that emotional traumas are not forgotten, even when they occur very early in life" ... "Can any sense be made of what it is that impels people to brutally cut the genitals of defenseless newborns and young children, male and female alike? For the answer to this question ..." 🎥 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ceht-3xu84I Another must-watch video for parents, "The Elephant in the Hospital" 🎥 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FCuy163srRc "Sex and Circumcision: An American Love Story by Eric Clopper" (2018) - Great video. Includes fantastic bits about the foreskin at approx 45 minutes in. 🎥 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DRB6oHkrhms Also a must-watch video for parents (watch with sound UP), "A Typical Infant Male Circumcision (WITHOUT Anesthetic)" (this is hard to watch, but important - make sure you are truly informed as to what they will put their children through, and not fool yourself into believing this is any sort of "friendly" "just-a-snip" procedure) 🎥 https://youtu.be/_GHOyzbmlVE "Sound of a Baby Being Circumcised" 🎥 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-4NW1l-350w More must-watch for parents (watch with sound), video of circumcision procedure 🎥 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H4p9O3HSpaY "Oh Boys... Circumcision?" 🎥 https://youtu.be/Ec92eRrnWdY ""Circumcision is a trauma." Psychologist Ronald Goldman, PhD, testifies at the historic Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) hearing on January 28, 2014, an unprecedented debate on baby circumcision.... "As a Jew and a psychologist, I understand the stress that religious communities feel in connection with questioning of circumcision ..." 🎥 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DWYBzcKf4UU "The Real Reason You're Circumcised - Adam Ruins Everything" 🎥✡ https://youtu.be/pa7FJhGgaUM Jews Against Circumcision - Video [2020] — "A docollage in tribute to Jews opposing circumcision", by Andre Levy Great collection of clips of other Jews speaking out 🎥 https://youtu.be/SB-2aQoTQeA "Circumcision - a sexual harm?" Brian D. Earp (2017) - "Lecture by Brian D. Earp delivered at the 23rd Congress of the World Association for Sexual Health, Prague, May 29th, 2017. A critique of the American Academy of Pediatrics' 2012 policy on circumcision, showing that their assessment of benefit and risk was unsound" OTHER RESOURCES "Ethics and evidence: routine infant circumcision" https://wakelet.com/wake/d564bde3-c460-4780-9053-88e761049f22 A great collection of links, studies, articles and other resources by Dr Marianne ADVOCACY https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7ivGhJsO6F4 "A Path to Victory: Anti-Circumcision" (Gregory Malchuk) FORESKIN RESTORATION (STRETCHING) https://www.reddit.com/r/foreskin_restoration/ Active Reddit channel for foreskin restorers - around 17000 members! https://foreskinrestoration.vbulletin.net/forum/air-pressure FORESKIN REGENERATION (R&D TOWARD STEM CELL MEDICAL RESTORATION) http://www.foregen.org/ "non-profit organization founded to research and implement regenerative medical therapies for circumcised males" HARMS; MYTHS https://www.timesleader.com/news/637695/suit-doctor-cut-off-significant-portion-of-newborns-penis "A pediatrician cut off a “significant portion” of a newborn’s penis during a circumcision procedure last summer at Lehigh Valley Hospital Hazleton, permanently scarring and disfiguring him" https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/moral-landscapes/201109/more-circumcision-myths-you-may-believe-hygiene-and-stds "More Circumcision Myths You May Believe: Hygiene and STDs. Is circumcision cleaner and healthier?" http://www.circumstitions.com/Resent.html "The Tip of the Iceberg - Men who resent being circumcised" CIRCUMCISION HARMS TRANS WOMEN https://medium.com/@Virginiahallath/a-transgirl-speaks-about-foreskin-53a4f625bb9d “A Transgirl Speaks About Foreskin” (2017) “I did not require a skin graft. Every bit helps” “going on to get reassignment surgery at 18, foreskin preservation … for this purpose should be kept in mind” “keeping foreskin helps trans girls who benefit from that particular piece of skin” DEATHS 👶💀💀💀 👶 http://www.timesofisrael.com/boy-who-lost-consciousness-after-circumcision-dies/ "Baby who lost consciousness after circumcision dies" 👶👶👶 http://www.cirp.org/library/death/ Another list of many identified circumcision deaths. 👶 http://intaction.org/baby-dies-from-circumcision-in-california/ "Baby dies following circumcision" 👶 http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/gauteng/child-dies-after-circumcision-at-hospital-1.1563203 "Child dies after circumcision at hospital" 👶 http://www.getreading.co.uk/news/local-news/baby-dies-after-circumcision-4242492 "Baby dies after circumcision - A nine-week-old baby boy bled to death after being circumcised in a Reading doctor’s surgery" 👶 http://www.health24.com/News/Circumcision-deaths-concern-Rights-Commission-20140702 "A report compiled by the CRL rights commission stated that 486 people had died due to traditional circumcision processes in the past seven years" 👶 http://ewn.co.za/2018/01/02/botched-circumcision-17-deaths-reported-in-ec [2018] "Botched circumcisions: '17 deaths reported in EC'" 👶 https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2012/dec/17/male-circumcision-baby-goodluck "He was born in Chadderton, Greater Manchester, in March 2010. His parents, filled with the joy, hope and optimism of new parenthood, named him Goodluck. When he was only 27 days old, a midwife called Grace Adeyele accepted £100 to hack at his tiny penis with a pair of scissors. The baby screamed so loud his mother had to look away. Adeyele dabbed the ragged wound with olive oil, dressed it with a small bandage and left him to bleed. He died the next day from his wounds" 👶 https://youtu.be/PYuEg0Ew5kM "Circumcision Death Ireland" 'Massie discusses circumcision death of a baby, Callis Osaghie who died from hemorrhage and shock August 18, 2003. The circumciser was 29 year old Osagie Igbinedion. After he was tried and cleared by a jury (and Judge Kevin Haugh who "didn't wish to bring their white western values to bear" on deciding this case) Mr Igbinedion said he would like to continue carrying out circumcisions.' 👶 https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-46671457 "Italy circumcision kills toddler" (2018) 👶 http://www.wtol.com/2019/03/24/italy-infant-dies-after-parents-circumcise-him-home/ (March 2019) "An infant boy in Italy has died as the result of a circumcision performed by his parents" 👶 https://nypost.com/2019/04/03/another-baby-dies-in-botched-circumcision/ Another Italy circumcision death (April 2019), "third such tragedy in Italy in recent months" 👶 https://citizen.co.za/news/south-africa/204373/circumcision-deaths-expected-rise/ "Circumcision deaths expected to rise" "A report compiled by the CRL rights commission stated that 486 people had died due to traditional circumcision processes in the past seven years" (2014) 👶 http://nationalpost.com/health/ontario-newborn-bleeds-to-death-after-family-doctor-persuades-parents-to-get-him-circumcised 'Ontario newborn bleeds to death after family doctor persuades parents to get him circumcised" 👶 https://www.gaytimes.co.uk/community/37122/gay-anti-circumcision-inctactivist-commits-suicide-battling-depression/ "A gay man who suffered from depression over his involuntary circumcision has committed suicide ... Jonathon Conte, 34, spent his life advocating for the world of ‘intactivism’" (2016) 👶 https://www.news24.com/SouthAfrica/News/eastern-cape-leads-with-death-toll-of-initiates-this-season-20181229 (2018) '34 reported deaths this year so far in Eastern Cape during the traditional circumcision ritual' ⚰️ https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/aug/25/male-circumcision-ceremonies-death-deformity-africa "Males from participating tribes are told that if they do not volunteer they will be captured and circumcised by force ... Deaths commonly occur through dehydration, blood loss, shock-induced heart failure or septicaemia" 👶 http://www.drmomma.org/2010/05/death-from-circumcision.html Death From Circumcision "The prepuce is highly vascularized, so it is likely to hemorrhage when cut, and severing the frenular artery is very common. Infants have a miniscule amount of blood in their tiny bodies and can tolerate only about a 20 percent blood loss before hypovolemia, hypovolemic shock, and death. A 4000 gram male newborn has only 11.5oz (340 ml) of total blood volume at birth, 85 ml per kilogram of weight. Blood loss of only 2.3oz, (68 ml), 20% of total blood volume at birth is sufficient to cause hypovolemia. Many newborns, and especially premature infants, weigh much less and a smaller amount of blood loss would be sufficient to trigger hypovolemic shock in those infants. Circumcision of infants, therefore, carries the inherent danger of hypovolemic shock and death" 🔬 https://www.researchgate.net/publication/326040454_Factors_associated_with_early_deaths_following_neonatal_male_circumcision_in_the_United_States_2001-2010 "Factors associated with early deaths following neonatal male circumcision in the United States, 2001-2010" 🔬 https://www.berghahnjournals.com/view/journals/boyhood-studies/4/1/bhs040106.xml Study: "This study finds that approximately 117 neonatal circumcision-related deaths (9.01/100,000) occur annually in the United States" This is what 117 babies looks like ... this is just the US, just each year, and probably a lower-bound estimate: 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 👶 🔬👶⚰️👶⚰️👶⚰️ http://www.cirp.org/library/general/baker1/ Robert Baker estimated 229 deaths per year in the US from circumcision (I want to pin this post and slowly grow the list) “Behold, I Paul say unto you, that if ye be circumcised, Christ shall profit you nothing. Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace.” Galatians 5 https://twitter.com/GenIntact Twitter profile - see pinned thread for more resources #circumcision #HisBodyHisChoice #i2
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"No national medical organization in the world recommends routine circumcision of male infants" http://www.circumcision.org/position.htm Most national medical bodies actually recommend against it, due to the inherent risks and damage and lack of any real medical reasons to support it. Intact is the norm globally, with ~70% of men globally being intact. The US is the only modern country where this is a routine secular/'cultural' practice, and finds company with other countries in Africa where it's practiced for 'cultural reasons'. (Early circumcision advocates in the US promoted it to try prevent and "punish" masturbation) --- "Circumcision Positions of International Organizations 2017 BELGIAN GOVERNMENT COMMITTEE FOR BIO-ETHICS The Belgian government Committee for Bio-Ethics has ruled against the circumcision of infant boys for reasons other than medical necessity. Its ruling states that bodily integrity is more important than religious faith. 2016 DANISH MEDICAL ASSOCIATION When parents have their male children circumcised, it robs the boys of the ability to make decisions about their own bodies and their own cultural and religious beliefs. Male circumcision carries a risk of complications and should only be performed on children when there is a documented medical need. 2015 CANADIAN PEDIATRIC SOCIETY Circumcision of newborn males should not be routinely performed. 2014 SWEDISH MEDICAL ASSOCIATION The Sweden Medical Association, which counts 85% of the country's physicians as members, recommended setting twelve as the minimum age for the procedure and requiring a boy's consent in a resolution which was unanimously passed by the ethics council, reported the Svenska Dagbladet. 2014 DANISH COLLEGE OF GENERAL PRACTITIONERS The Danish College of General Practitioners, a group with 3,000 members, made a statement that ritual circumcision of boys was tantamount to abuse and mutilation, according to Danish newspaper BT. 2013 COUNCIL OF EUROPE PARLIAMENTARY ASSEMBLY (REPRESENTING 47 COUNTRIES) "One category [of children's harm] is particulary worrisome, namely violations of the physical integrity of children which supporters tend to present as beneficial to the children themselves despite evidently negative life-long consequences in many cases: female genital mutilation, the circumcision of young boys for religious reasons, medical interventions during the early childhood of intersex children as well as the submission to or coercion of children into piercings, tattoos or plastic surgery. The Parliamentary Assembly should urge member States to promote further awareness in their societies of the potential risks for children's physical and mental health of the above-mentioned procedures. Member States should take legislative and policy measures that help reinforce child protection in this context by giving primary consideration to the best interest of the child." 2013 NORDIC ASSOCIATION OF CLINICAL SEXOLOGISTS "As clinical sexologists, we are concerned about the human rights aspects associated with the practice of non-therapeutic circumcision of young boys. To cut off the penile foreskin in a boy with normal, healthy, genitalia deprives him of his right to grow up and make his own informed decision. Unless there are compelling medical reasons to operate before a boy reaches an age and a level of maturity at which he is capable of providing informed consent, the decision to alter the appearance, sensitivity and functionality of the penis should be left to its owner, thus upholding his fundamental rights to protection and bodily integrity." 2013 NORDIC OMBUDSMEN FOR CHILDREN AND PEDIATRIC EXPERTS "Circumcision, performed without a medical indication, on a person who is incapable of giving consent, violates fundamental medical - ethical principles, not least because the procedure is irreversible, painful and may cause serious complications. There are no health - related reasons for circumcising young boys in the Nordic countries. Circumstances that may make circumcision advantageous for adult men are of little relevance to young boys in the Nordic countries, and on these matters the boys will have the opportunity to decide for themselves when they reach the age and maturity required to give consent." 2012 SWEDISH PEDIATRIC SOCIETY Circumcision of young boys for religious and non-medical reasons ought to be banned in Sweden. "We consider it to be an assault on these boys," said Staffan Janson, chairman of the committee for ethical issues and childrens' rights. Children are unable to form a decision in the matter. Circumcision is an attack on boys' integrity. "It's such a complicated and difficult question, but even so, we've decided that this is a procedure to be done away with," Janson said."It's a mutilation of a child unable to decide for himself." 2012 GERMAN PEDIATRIC ASSOCIATION "Initially, it should be observed that there is no reason from a medical point of view to remove an intact foreskin from underage boys or boys unable to give consent. . . . The male foreskin is a part of the skin of the organ and fulfills important functions that protect the very sensitive glans. . . . Circumcision can lead to erectile dysfunction [and] . . . considerable limitations to sex life and cause psychological stresses. . . . Boys have, according to our sense of justice, the same basic constitutional legal rights to physical integrity as girls, they must not be disadvantaged due to their sex." 2010 ROYAL AUSTRALASIAN COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS "Ethical and human rights concerns have been raised regarding elective infant male circumcision because it is recognized that the foreskin has a functional role, the operation is non-therapeutic and the infant is unable to consent. After reviewing the currently available evidence, the RACP believes that the frequency of diseases modifiable by circumcision, the level of protection offered by circumcision and the complication rates of circumcision do not warrant routine infant circumcision in Australia and New Zealand." "The foreskin has two main functions. Firstly it exists to protect the glans penis. Secondly the foreskin is a primary sensory part of the penis, containing some of the most sensitive areas of the penis." "The potential harms include contravention of individual rights, loss of choice, loss of function, procedural and psychological complications. . . . A boy circumcised as an infant may deeply resent this when he grows older; he may want what he cannot have – not to have been circumcised. . . . The option of leaving circumcision until later, when the boy is old enough to make a decision for himself does need to be raised with parents and considered. . . . The ethical merit of this option is that it seeks to respect the child’s physical integrity, and capacity for autonomy by leaving the options open for him to make his own autonomous choice in the future." 2010 ROYAL DUTCH MEDICAL ASSOCIATION "There is no convincing evidence that circumcision is useful or necessary in terms of prevention or hygiene. Partly in light of the complications which can arise during or after circumcision, circumcision is not justifiable except on medical/therapeutic grounds. . . . Contrary to what is often thought, circumcision entails the risk of medical and psychological complications. . . . Non-therapeutic circumcision of male minors is contrary to the rule that minors may only be exposed to medical treatments if illness or abnormalities are present. . . . Non-therapeutic circumcision of male minors conflicts with the child's right to autonomy and physical integrity. . . . Complications in the area of sexuality have also been reported as have extreme pain experiences in newborns causing behavioral changes which are still apparent years later. Similarly, the high social costs of circumcision as a result of complications have been cited. . . . The foreskin is a complex, erotogenic structure that plays an important role in the mechanical function of the penis during sexual acts, such as penetrative intercourse and masturbation. The many attempts by men to restore their foreskins by mechanical or surgical means also contradict the idea that the foreskin is a useless part of the body." 2008 DOCTORS OPPOSING CIRCUMCISION "We recommend that the genital integrity of boys be preserved. Parental request for non-therapeutic circumcision of a son appears to exceed the powers granted to parents by law. We further recommend that doctors refuse to perform non-therapeutic circumcision at parental request." 2006 BRITISH MEDICAL ASSOCIATION “The BMA does not believe that parental preference alone constitutes sufficient grounds for performing a surgical procedure on a child unable to express his own view. Parental preference must be weighed in terms of the child's interests. . . . The BMA considers that the evidence concerning health benefit from non-therapeutic circumcision is insufficient for this alone to be a justification for doing it. . . . Some doctors may wish to not perform circumcisions for reasons of conscience. Doctors are under no obligation to comply with a request to circumcise a child.”" #circumcision #GenerationIntact #intact #BanMGM #BanFGM #BanCircumcision

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One of the early advocates of circumcision in the US was John Harvey Kellogg, who was rabidly anti-masturbation, and promoted circumcision as a "cure" and "punishment" - he also promoted pouring acid on the clitorises of girls as "cure" for the alleged evils of masturbation, in his primitive 1892 book. He wrote, "In females, the author has found the application of pure carbolic acid to the clitoris an excellent means of allaying the abnormal excitement, and preventing the recurrence of the practice in those whose will power has become so weakened that the patient is unable to exercise entire self-control" #horrorshow #deranged #evil #sick #circumcision #GenerationIntact #intact #EndMGM #EndFGM #childabuse

101 views ·

More from GenerationIntact

"No national medical organization in the world recommends routine circumcision of male infants" http://www.circumcision.org/position.htm Most national medical bodies actually recommend against it, due to the inherent risks and damage and lack of any real medical reasons to support it. Intact is the norm globally, with ~70% of men globally being intact. The US is the only modern country where this is a routine secular/'cultural' practice, and finds company with other countries in Africa where it's practiced for 'cultural reasons'. (Early circumcision advocates in the US promoted it to try prevent and "punish" masturbation) --- "Circumcision Positions of International Organizations 2017 BELGIAN GOVERNMENT COMMITTEE FOR BIO-ETHICS The Belgian government Committee for Bio-Ethics has ruled against the circumcision of infant boys for reasons other than medical necessity. Its ruling states that bodily integrity is more important than religious faith. 2016 DANISH MEDICAL ASSOCIATION When parents have their male children circumcised, it robs the boys of the ability to make decisions about their own bodies and their own cultural and religious beliefs. Male circumcision carries a risk of complications and should only be performed on children when there is a documented medical need. 2015 CANADIAN PEDIATRIC SOCIETY Circumcision of newborn males should not be routinely performed. 2014 SWEDISH MEDICAL ASSOCIATION The Sweden Medical Association, which counts 85% of the country's physicians as members, recommended setting twelve as the minimum age for the procedure and requiring a boy's consent in a resolution which was unanimously passed by the ethics council, reported the Svenska Dagbladet. 2014 DANISH COLLEGE OF GENERAL PRACTITIONERS The Danish College of General Practitioners, a group with 3,000 members, made a statement that ritual circumcision of boys was tantamount to abuse and mutilation, according to Danish newspaper BT. 2013 COUNCIL OF EUROPE PARLIAMENTARY ASSEMBLY (REPRESENTING 47 COUNTRIES) "One category [of children's harm] is particulary worrisome, namely violations of the physical integrity of children which supporters tend to present as beneficial to the children themselves despite evidently negative life-long consequences in many cases: female genital mutilation, the circumcision of young boys for religious reasons, medical interventions during the early childhood of intersex children as well as the submission to or coercion of children into piercings, tattoos or plastic surgery. The Parliamentary Assembly should urge member States to promote further awareness in their societies of the potential risks for children's physical and mental health of the above-mentioned procedures. Member States should take legislative and policy measures that help reinforce child protection in this context by giving primary consideration to the best interest of the child." 2013 NORDIC ASSOCIATION OF CLINICAL SEXOLOGISTS "As clinical sexologists, we are concerned about the human rights aspects associated with the practice of non-therapeutic circumcision of young boys. To cut off the penile foreskin in a boy with normal, healthy, genitalia deprives him of his right to grow up and make his own informed decision. Unless there are compelling medical reasons to operate before a boy reaches an age and a level of maturity at which he is capable of providing informed consent, the decision to alter the appearance, sensitivity and functionality of the penis should be left to its owner, thus upholding his fundamental rights to protection and bodily integrity." 2013 NORDIC OMBUDSMEN FOR CHILDREN AND PEDIATRIC EXPERTS "Circumcision, performed without a medical indication, on a person who is incapable of giving consent, violates fundamental medical - ethical principles, not least because the procedure is irreversible, painful and may cause serious complications. There are no health - related reasons for circumcising young boys in the Nordic countries. Circumstances that may make circumcision advantageous for adult men are of little relevance to young boys in the Nordic countries, and on these matters the boys will have the opportunity to decide for themselves when they reach the age and maturity required to give consent." 2012 SWEDISH PEDIATRIC SOCIETY Circumcision of young boys for religious and non-medical reasons ought to be banned in Sweden. "We consider it to be an assault on these boys," said Staffan Janson, chairman of the committee for ethical issues and childrens' rights. Children are unable to form a decision in the matter. Circumcision is an attack on boys' integrity. "It's such a complicated and difficult question, but even so, we've decided that this is a procedure to be done away with," Janson said."It's a mutilation of a child unable to decide for himself." 2012 GERMAN PEDIATRIC ASSOCIATION "Initially, it should be observed that there is no reason from a medical point of view to remove an intact foreskin from underage boys or boys unable to give consent. . . . The male foreskin is a part of the skin of the organ and fulfills important functions that protect the very sensitive glans. . . . Circumcision can lead to erectile dysfunction [and] . . . considerable limitations to sex life and cause psychological stresses. . . . Boys have, according to our sense of justice, the same basic constitutional legal rights to physical integrity as girls, they must not be disadvantaged due to their sex." 2010 ROYAL AUSTRALASIAN COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS "Ethical and human rights concerns have been raised regarding elective infant male circumcision because it is recognized that the foreskin has a functional role, the operation is non-therapeutic and the infant is unable to consent. After reviewing the currently available evidence, the RACP believes that the frequency of diseases modifiable by circumcision, the level of protection offered by circumcision and the complication rates of circumcision do not warrant routine infant circumcision in Australia and New Zealand." "The foreskin has two main functions. Firstly it exists to protect the glans penis. Secondly the foreskin is a primary sensory part of the penis, containing some of the most sensitive areas of the penis." "The potential harms include contravention of individual rights, loss of choice, loss of function, procedural and psychological complications. . . . A boy circumcised as an infant may deeply resent this when he grows older; he may want what he cannot have – not to have been circumcised. . . . The option of leaving circumcision until later, when the boy is old enough to make a decision for himself does need to be raised with parents and considered. . . . The ethical merit of this option is that it seeks to respect the child’s physical integrity, and capacity for autonomy by leaving the options open for him to make his own autonomous choice in the future." 2010 ROYAL DUTCH MEDICAL ASSOCIATION "There is no convincing evidence that circumcision is useful or necessary in terms of prevention or hygiene. Partly in light of the complications which can arise during or after circumcision, circumcision is not justifiable except on medical/therapeutic grounds. . . . Contrary to what is often thought, circumcision entails the risk of medical and psychological complications. . . . Non-therapeutic circumcision of male minors is contrary to the rule that minors may only be exposed to medical treatments if illness or abnormalities are present. . . . Non-therapeutic circumcision of male minors conflicts with the child's right to autonomy and physical integrity. . . . Complications in the area of sexuality have also been reported as have extreme pain experiences in newborns causing behavioral changes which are still apparent years later. Similarly, the high social costs of circumcision as a result of complications have been cited. . . . The foreskin is a complex, erotogenic structure that plays an important role in the mechanical function of the penis during sexual acts, such as penetrative intercourse and masturbation. The many attempts by men to restore their foreskins by mechanical or surgical means also contradict the idea that the foreskin is a useless part of the body." 2008 DOCTORS OPPOSING CIRCUMCISION "We recommend that the genital integrity of boys be preserved. Parental request for non-therapeutic circumcision of a son appears to exceed the powers granted to parents by law. We further recommend that doctors refuse to perform non-therapeutic circumcision at parental request." 2006 BRITISH MEDICAL ASSOCIATION “The BMA does not believe that parental preference alone constitutes sufficient grounds for performing a surgical procedure on a child unable to express his own view. Parental preference must be weighed in terms of the child's interests. . . . The BMA considers that the evidence concerning health benefit from non-therapeutic circumcision is insufficient for this alone to be a justification for doing it. . . . Some doctors may wish to not perform circumcisions for reasons of conscience. Doctors are under no obligation to comply with a request to circumcise a child.”" #circumcision #GenerationIntact #intact #BanMGM #BanFGM #BanCircumcision

159 views ·

One of the early advocates of circumcision in the US was John Harvey Kellogg, who was rabidly anti-masturbation, and promoted circumcision as a "cure" and "punishment" - he also promoted pouring acid on the clitorises of girls as "cure" for the alleged evils of masturbation, in his primitive 1892 book. He wrote, "In females, the author has found the application of pure carbolic acid to the clitoris an excellent means of allaying the abnormal excitement, and preventing the recurrence of the practice in those whose will power has become so weakened that the patient is unable to exercise entire self-control" #horrorshow #deranged #evil #sick #circumcision #GenerationIntact #intact #EndMGM #EndFGM #childabuse

101 views ·