The zenith of a technology's development happens when it's in competition with a technology that is about to replace it. So it is with kerosene lighting as electricity arrived. This lamp is a reproduction of the late stage of kerosene lighting. The burner is a Kosmos (still manufactured by the Gaudard family company in France), and the chimney is a modern casting from the original and correct European molds. The chimney is expertly pinched to create the best carburetion. This draws the flame into a bright, comparatively white Christmas tree shape. It achieves the best balance of combustion to produce a whiter, brighter light and more heat than most. This lamp is enough to heat a small to medium closed room in winter, and well enough to work and read by.