"According to Turley, Raskin’s statement also implied that “Trump needed to testify or his silence is evidence of guilt” and that “under this theory, any response other than conceding the allegations would trigger this response and allow the House to use the silence of the accused as an inference of guilt.” He wrote: “The statement conflicts with one of the most precious and revered principles in American law that a refusal to testify should not be used against an accused party.” The scholar, who offered testimony during the first impeachment inquiry in 2019, noted that the Constitution’s Fifth Amendment declares that “no person … shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself.” This is a cornerstone of our civilization, with this I believe they will have overextended to a level that many will no longer ignore.