Hungary sees the Trianon Treaty as a national tragedy, but Romania just made it a holiday
Romania will celebrate every year what neighboring Hungary considers its biggest national tragedy
Romanian President Klaus Iohannis has — against his better judgement —signed into law on Wednesday that June 4, the day of the Trianon Treaty ending World War I in which Hungary lost a sizeable part of its territory to Romania will become a national holiday, Romanian news agency Agerpres reports.
The bill submitted by Social-Democrat (PSD) MP and former foreign minister Titus Corlățean means that June 4 will be a national holiday in Romania during which — as is with all other national holidays — the national flag must be flown on all state institutions.
One of the peace treaties that officially ended World War I, the Trianon Treaty divided more than two-thirds of the territory of the Kingdom of Hungary among its neighbors. This territory included the Kingdom of Romania, the Czechoslovak Republic, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, and — most ironically — the First Austrian Republic, which is considered the half of the then Austro-Hungarian Empire that was involved in igniting World War I even if it was not directly responsible for causing the war.
As a result, Hungary lost 72 percent of its territory and 64 percent of its population to the above-mentioned neighboring countries.
"It is a completely useless law that showcases the power of the Romanian majority and thus betrays its guilt," Hunor Kelemen, president of the Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania, said during the debate of the law in the Romanian parliament.
Iohannis — himself an ethnic German from Transylvania — exhausted all legal avenues available to him to block the law. In June, he referred the law to the Romanian Constitutional Court (RCC), but the RCC rejected his complaint of unconstitutionality.
In September, President Iohannis called for a review of the law, but the law was adopted in its original form, with the Chamber of Deputies (the lower house of the Romanian Parliament) rejecting the head of state's request. In the motivation of the request for re-examination, it was shown that the law sent for promulgation generated numerous criticisms, both from the experts and from the non-governmental organizations.
"The reactions produced at the level of civil society, as well as their magnitude, highlighted the fact that this law, in the form adopted by the parliament, did not represent the result of an authentic and consistent process of public consultation and debate," the request stated.
--Hungary sees the Trianon Treaty as a national tragedy, but Romania just made it a holiday
-RETRIEVED-Fri Nov 20 2020 08:26:37 GMT+0100 (Central European Standard Time)