Thinking About Dexamethasone? Seven Reasons Why It’s Time To Begin! Dexamethasone is a corticosteroid that is used to treat different heath conditions like skin diseases, allergic disorder, asthma, brain swelling, rheumatic problems and arthritis. This drug comes in various trade names like Decadron, Dexasone, Diodex, Hexadrol, Maxidex, DexPak, Zema-Pak, etc.. It reduces the defensive reaction of the body and reduces symptoms. It can be treated with antibiotics to treat tuberculosis. Dexamethasone is administered into the body system through the following means: Intravenous Therapy: When the medicine in liquid form, it's administered to the body by delivery through the vein with the aid of injections or as drips. This mode of administration is known to be the fastest as it goes straight to the bloodstream. Intramuscular treatment: Otherwise known and abbreviated as IM. This drug delivery system is carried out by the aid of injection to the muscle. Subcutaneous Injection Therapy: is one of the many system of drug administration. It's abbreviated as SC and can be used to administration dexamethasone during the subcutaneous layer of the skin. Oral Administration: This involves administering dexamethasone throughout the mouth. INGREDIENTS Dexamethasone Tablets USP generally contain either 0.5 mg, 0.75 mg, 1.5 mg, 2 mg, 4 mg, or 6 mg of dexamethasone USP. Each tablet also contain some inactive ingredients such as magnesium stearate, lactose, monohydrate, sugar, starch, FD&C Red, FD&C Yellow, Yellow Iron Oxide, D&C Yellow, and FD&C Blue. Dexamethasone Oral Solution USP is formulated for oral administration comprises 05.5 mg per 5 ml of dexamethasone USP. This oral solution contains some inactive ingredients such as propylene glycol, sorbitol solution, propylparaben, anhydrous citric acid, glycerin, disodium edetate and water. USES OF DEXAMETHASONE/PROS Dexamethasone has various uses in anti inflammatory diseases, cancer, endocrine treatment, pregnancy, higher altitude illnesses, nausea and vomiting, sore throat, and veterinary applications. Veterinary Uses: Dexamethasone is combined with clotrimazole and marbofloxacin using a brand name AURIZON as a remedy for severe earing infections especially in puppies. Dexamethasone combined with dichlormethiazide may be used to treat general bruising and swelling distal limbs in horses. Anti-inflammatory diseases: A single dose of dexamethasone in children reduces the swelling of the airway which in turns improves breathing and decreased discomfort. To put it differently, can be used for treating CROUP in children. Dexamethasone given in a high dose functions as a counteract to allergic anaphylactic shock, Dexamethasone intravitreal steroid implant has been approved by the Federal dental agency for the treatment of climatic conditions such as diabetic macular edema, central retinal vein occlusion, and uveitis, dexamethasone is present in ear drops, eye drops particularly after eye surgery and present in nasal sprays. Dexamethasone is used to treat inflammatory and autoimmune conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. Dexamethasone is given before and or after dental surgeries such as the removal of the wisdom tooth. Dexamethasone may also be treated before antibiotics in case of bacterial meningitis to reduce inflammatory response to the murdered bacterias. Cancer: In brain tumors, dexamethasone can be used to suppress the development of edema which can compress other brain structures if not attended to, dexamethasone can be utilised as an immediate chemotherapeutic agent for the treatment of multiple myeloma. Pregnancy: Pregnancy complications may happen like premature delivery, but with the use of dexamethasone, it can help correct premature delivery by aiding in the maturation of the fetus' lungs. Nausea and vomiting Individuals who've had surgery experience nausea and vomiting. Administration of dexamethasone intravenously is effective for preventing nausea and vomiting from recurring. SIDE EFFECTS/CONS Dexamethasone, like every other medication has side effects they give. The Normal side effects from the consumption of dexamethasone includes Dizziness Stomach upset Sore throat Headaches Trouble in sleeping Increase in appetite Weight gain Acne But if the below listed serious side effects take place, contact your doctor when you notice Increased thirst and urination Signs of infection like fever Slow, fast or irregular heartbeat Black stool, Heartburns Bone pain Abdominal pain Mental changes Bleeding Seizures Precautions For those who have a fungal infection or allergic to this medication, please don't take it. Before taking dexamethasone, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have: Malaria Thyroid disorder Liver disease Glaucoma or cataracts Tuberculosis Osteoporosis Mental illness Depression Liver disease Heart failure High blood pressure Herpes infection of the eyes Diabetes This medication may mask signs of infection or put you at greater risk of developing very serious ailments. Report any injuries or signs of infection (e.g., persistent sore throat/fever/cough, pain during urination, muscle aches) that occur during treatment. This medicine may slow down a child's development if used for quite a while. Consult the doctor or pharmacist for more details. See the physician regularly so that your child's height and growth could be assessed. This drug may pass into breast milk and may have undesirable effects on a nursing infant. Consult your doctor before breast- feeding. OVERDOSE An overdose of this medication does not pose any life-threatening issues. Long term use of high does may lead to thinning skin, increased acne or facial hair, loss of interest in sex, menstrual problems and impotence. DRUGS THAT AFFECT DEXAMETHASONE It's not a good safe to use some specific drugs in exactly the same time because they pose a great deal of risks. Ensure you tell your doctor about all the medications you are using before taking dexamethasone such as; Insulin or diabetes medications Birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy Blood thinner -- Coumadin, Jantoven Antibiotic or antifungal medicine Medicine to treat dementia or Parkinson disease CONCLUSION The action of the world health organization in labeling dexamethasone as an essential drug in the health care field has revealed dexamethasone to be of significance to the health of male and research showing that excess dexamethasone can cause hypertension through various mechanisms show that where there is great, there is also bad. Moderation is the key to ensuring that more good than bad is what's gotten from this medication. Following the doctor's prescription strictly rather than self-medicating will also help to make dexamethasone us be of more good than bad.
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