Outer space is a new battleground for different states. States are investing billions of monies to achieve military supremacy in the state. It is accepted that outer space should be used for the mutual advantage of the people. There is an agreement that there should be no country that exploits the outer space for its benefits while putting the security or peace of other countries at risk. Get the steps of creating peace in space here!
Space-based weapons are anything in the space whose primary purpose is to damage objects or living things in the earth. However, it is vital to note that weapons that are launched from the planet but travel through space to their target are not classified as space-based weapons. The use of space-based weapons can compromise peace in the ground. There is a need to adopt an equitable ban on the use of space weapons. Any weapon that is placed on the space to damage the people or property on the earth purposely must be removed immediately. Consequently, anything that is placed on the earth aiming to damage the asset on the space must be withdrawn immediately.
There is a treaty between states that require the countries to utilize the space peacefully. However, there is conflict in interpreting the agreement. The treaty state that countries should not militarize the space. However, space has been used for over half a decade to locate a military target. It is, therefore, vital to accurately define what space weapons are. The states are then supposed to adopt to non-binding code of conduct.
Currently, the government and private companies have an insufficient framework to regulate space activities. All countries in the world ban the testing, production, or even deployment of space weapons, to ensure that there is peace in outer space. If the country already has deployed weapons in the space, it should worthy of them to prevent any potential damage to the items in the state. If the state is currently researching space weapons, it should consider terminating the research. However, the use of military technology for peaceful activities is not prohibited.
The United Nations should bring all the stakeholders involved to discuss outer space peace. However, the United Nations works based on what stakeholders decide. The UN brings all parties on the table to discuss this grave matter. Also, the body is working on planetary protection. It collects the data from the out space and tries to find out how this information can be used to reduce disaster risks and emergency response. It is vital to have an international corporation, to make sure that the benefits of space technology have reached all the countries. The UN has acted as an intermediary in ensuring that countries work together in order to benefit from the outer space fully.
In 2008, Russia submitted a draft treaty to the Conference of Disarmament, which recommended stakeholders to refrain from deploying weapons on outer space. When disputes arise regarding outer space weapons, the draft agreement suggested it be solved through cooperation and negation. Up to date, there have been many discussions at the Conference on Disarmament on how to create peace through withdrawing weapons on the outer space. Click here for more information.