I'm sure everybody is aware of Dandruff and most of us have experienced as well as experiencing this big problem. Dandruff is the form of flakes generated from dry scalp. The presence of Dandruff is a result of the scarcity of vitamins and moisture combined. The young age bracket, among all is more troubled by this condition. Research says, if Dandruff isn't medicated thoroughly it may have an effect on more and could be more worsened by excessive sweating or radical weather change or climate of a particular place and also the water used to wash hair. Read more about Causes for dandruff.
Though there is a lot of explanations behind the formations of Dandruff, but there are 3 key factors playing lead role in creating Dandruff. They are, Release of Sebum, Malassezia yeast which is a by-product of skin microorganisms, and susceptibility. Oleic acid is created when fungus acts and metabolizes on the trigycerides present in the sebum. This acid penetrates the scalp and destroys your skin, which makes it shed in a few days time. There are many more factors behind Dandruff including, contact dermatitis Eczema, and Psoriasis.
There are a few Dandruff remedies. Shampoos, that contain certain chemicals are seen to work. These products in the market consists of zinc pyrithione (ZPT) that may control production of sebum oil and keratinization, the biological procedure that contributes to the formation of flakes. Furthermore there is one other substance called selenium sulfide which helps in preventing against rapid fungus growth. Other ingredients such as Imidazole antifungal agents that help in obstructing the membrane of fungal cell and biosynthesization which finally results in controlling Dandruff. Ketoconazole is one of the more common imidazole agents used widely in anti-Dandruff shampoos.
Steroids or corticosteroids are potent substances to fight Dandruff too. These types of agents are very effective in growth of the fungus and battles Dandruff. Treatment options which includes neem and black pepper in addition to are also used.
Even if Dandruff isn't unusual and can be managed it is not normally as simple as many people consider it to be. There are actually instances in which anti Dandruff shampoo does not work out in controlling flakes and itchiness, this leads to redness and swelling in the scalp which in turn necessitates a doctor. These symptoms could be of Seborrheic dermatitis, which is the same as Dandruff in lots of ways but a different and a much more major skin problem that will need quick as well as more care.